Gondwana breakup changed the global continental configuration, leading to opening of major oceanic gateways, shifts in the climate system and significant impacts on the biosphere, hydrosphere and cryosphere. Although of global importance, the earliest stages of the supercontinental fragmentation are poorly understood. Reconstructing the processes driving Gondwana breakup within the ice-covered Weddell Sea Rift System (WSRS) has proven particularly challenging. Paleomagnetic data and tectonic reconstructions of the WSRS region indicate that major Jurassic translation and rotation of microcontinental blocks were a key precursor to Gondwana breakup by seafloor spreading. However, geophysical interpretations have provided little support for major motion of crustal blocks during Jurassic extension in the WSRS. Here we present new compilations of airborne magnetic and airborne gravity data, together with digital enhancements and 2D models, enabling us to re-evaluate the crustal architecture of the WSRS and its tectonic and kinematic evolution. Two provinces are identified within the WSRS, a northern E/W trending province and a southern N/S trending province. A simple extensional or transtensional model including ~ 500 km of crustal extension and Jurassic magmatism accounts for the observed geophysical patterns. Magmatism is linked with rifting between South Africa and East Antarctica in the north, and associated with back-arc extension in the south. Our tectonic model implies ~ 30 degrees of Jurassic block rotation and juxtaposes the magnetically similar Haag Block and Shackleton Range, despite differences in both Precambrian and Pan African-age surface geology. Although geophysically favoured our new model cannot easily be reconciled with geological and paleomagnetic interpretations that require ~ 1500 km of motion and 90 degrees anticlockwise rotation of the Haag-Ellsworth Whitmore block from a pre-rift position adjacent to the Maud Belt. However, our model provides a simpler view of the WSRS as a broad Jurassic extensional/transtensional province within a distributed plate boundary between East and West Antarctica.
Best,Beverly SavageExecutive DirectorHudson County CASA Dear Editors:You have all been such good friends to CASA and I want to thank you sincerely for the terrific coverage you have given the organization and its work. I was thrilled to see a new category had been created on the list-Protector of the Children-and that CASA was at the top!You have been instrumental in the growth and development of CASA and are directly responsible for connecting scores of committed volunteers to foster children. I have been with CASA since 2005 and in that time 2,312 children have been served with 495 of them achieving permanent homes-that translates into 166 adoptions, 235 reunifications with family and 94 placements with a legal guardian. The Reporter has been with me every step of the way-thanks you so much for your loyalty and for your compassion for children who sorely need it.
Beloved bluegrass band Cabinet rocked a fun Halloween run through the Northeast last weekend, centered around a hometown performance at the Sherman Theater in Stroudsburg, PA on Saturday night. The band drew a packed house, eager to celebrate the haunted holiday with one of the best jam grass groups around. With support from Tom Graham and Billy Strings, this was a great night of music!Fortunately, photographer Sam Watson was on hand to capture the excitement. Check out the images below: Load remaining images
I recently worked with a team of Dell Technologies specialists to finish building the first-ever Data Confidence Fabric (DCF for short). Today, Dell Technologies announced that our prototype code will be contributed to the Linux Foundation to seed Project Alvarium.I’d like to share some of the history behind the seeding of Project Alvarium and how our team at Dell Technologies came to initiate the overall effort.For several years, the CTO of the Dell Technologies Edge and IoT business unit has been touting a vision of data monetization. However, it’s hard to monetize untrusted Edge and IoT data. As he likes to say, “It’s midnight. Do you know where your data has been?”Enterprise storage systems have delivered trusted data to applications for a long time. We started our initial investigation wondering if these same trust principles could be applied to Edge and IoT ecosystems. Recent developments in data valuation, distributed ledgers, and data marketplaces facilitated everything coming together.How was this architecture built at Dell Technologies?We observed that as Edge and IoT data and applications travel toward each other, they cross multiple boundaries such as networks, trust zones, stakeholders, organizations, firewalls, and geographies. We realized that in order to make this work – no single entity can own the trust – after all, imagine if one company owned the internet. Instead, an open-framework must be created in which trust can be inserted and confidence scores calculated. This would enable applications to not only analyze data but also calculate confidence scores that reflect how credible the data is and it became evident to us that it was time to write some code.1st Level of TrustWe started with the EdgeX Foundry chair of the Core Working Group, Trevor Conn. Trevor wrote the first-ever Data Confidence Fabric software using Go Lang, the same programming language EdgeX is written in. His Data Confidence Fabric software registered with EdgeX as a client and began processing simulated device data. The initial confidence score for this data was “0” (no trust was inserted).Dell Technologies then hired three computer science interns from Texas A&M to deploy EdgeX and the Data Confidence Fabric software on a Dell Gateway 3000 with a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip. Suffice it to say, the keyboards were smoking hot and the Mountain Dew was flowing freely. The first level of trust insertion used the TPM chip to “sign” simulated data. Then we modified EdgeX to validate the signature by using the TPM’s public key.2nd Level of TrustEdgeX was then adjusted to support N-S-E-W authentication by using VMware’s open-source Lightwave technology. The second level of trust insertion occurred when EdgeX rejected all requests for data except for those coming from the Data Confidence Fabric software.3rd Level of TrustDell Boomi software was invoked by the Data Confidence Fabric software to gather provenance and appended this metadata to the sensor reading. This third level of trust insertion gives an application increased confidence in the history of the data.4th Level of TrustThe Data Confidence Fabric software then stored the data locally using IPFS (an immutable, open-source storage system). This fourth level of trust insertion gives an application confidence that the data/provenance has not been tampered with. It also has the additional benefit of enabling analytics to access data closer to the source.5th Level of TrustThe Data Confidence Fabric software then registered the data into VMware’s blockchain (based on the open-source Project Concord consensus algorithm). This fifth level of trust insertion contains the pointer to the data, as well as the confidence history/score.Creating a Trust ScoreHow was the score calculated? For the sake of demonstration, addition was used to try and shoot for a “Perfect 10”.This represents a sample of how a score can be created, but going forward, confidence scoring algorithms will be established through vendor-neutral collaboration in Project Alvarium.Our first Data Confidence Fabric uses a configuration file, but going forward, the industry can create a dynamic framework in which trust insertion components register themselves and are inserted on-the-fly. We believe there is not single DCF, rather each organization decides what works for them and confidence scores are generated by the open algorithms that take different factors into consideration.I mentioned before that Dell Boomi software played a big role in this Data Confidence Fabric and I wanted to share some thoughts on the project from Dell Boomi’s CTO, Michael J. Morton. According to Michael, “The concept of a trust fabric will increasingly become critical in order to make reliable and non-damaging business decisions due to the ever-increasing volume and velocity of Edge data, as well as the increasing risk of tainted data going undetected. In order to securely collect the metadata that is used in producing confidence scores, the Dell Boomi integration platform-as-a service was used to demonstrate how to accomplish this necessity, as well as a technology option of the loosely-coupled Project Alvarium framework.”In closing, I’d like to say that coding the first Data Confidence Fabric was a fulfilling experience. We strived to use open source technologies whenever and wherever possible, but we also demonstrated that all vendors can benefit from Project Alvarium in that trust fabrics can be built from a mix of open source and commercial technologies.
Howard Hall sponsored the Tunnel of Love event Wednesday to promote discussion about diversity and inclusion in light of the alleged hate crimes against two black student organizations that occurred before spring break. Assistant rector Bridget Nugent said Howard Hall wanted to create a way to promote a different dialogue about diversity on campus. “Notre Dame is more diverse than some appreciate and we wanted to see all the different forms of diversity we have on campus,” she said, “We wanted to show not just the obvious differences but also the different worldviews and perspectives.” To show these different perspectives, students covered the Howard Hall tunnel in pictures and images representing diversity on campus. Nugent asked campus groups such as the Asian American Association, the Black Student Association and CORE council to submit artwork and photos as a way to showcase the differences the campus holds. “People have different ideas of what diversity is,” she said. “Some people think that Notre Dame is not a very diverse campus. The pictures can help show how diverse and vibrant campus really is.” Nugent said some of the photos came from the Real Me Project, a photo project celebrating diversity on campus. “We asked groups to send pictures they thought would symbolize the different types of diversity on campus,” she said. Nugent said 750 students signed a banner that read, “We are fighting for inclusion” and 600 participants received a bandana to commemorate the event. Nugent said signing the banner showed solidarity with diverse groups on campus and promoted a spirit of inclusion. “We have minorities on campus that have beautiful things they contribute and we want there to be a sense of inclusion,” she said. Nugent said after the event the banner will be used as a backdrop for the opening night of Race Monologues and then will be donated to a multicultural campus group. “We really want the banner to be a way to give back to the community,” she said. Nugent said the event was a success and hopes the creativity of the event can help promote discourse. “We need the recognition that we can rely on discourse to engage that tension and work towards finding a solution,” she said. “The more we rely on discourse, then we can move toward resolution and ultimately inclusion.” Contact Anna Boarini at [email protected]
Late fall and early winter are the perfect times for hiking the storied—and in some seasons a little too popular—Appalachian Trail. Crowds are sparse. Temps are still relatively mild. And the thinning trees mean views are expanding. If you need a trail buddy, there are a number of hiking clubs around the region that would be glad to have you tag along as they explore the best of the A.T.MarylandSouth Mountain State Park • November 5 Get acquainted with the rolling and rocky terrain of the A.T. in Maryland on this 6.4-mile out-and-back hike that will peak with the gorgeous fall views from Black Rock. After the hike with the Sierra Club Potomac Region Outings Program, the group will make an optional visit to nearby orchards in downtown Frederick. sierrapotomac.org Tennessee Trail Maintenance and Weekly Hikes • Every Tuesday and FridayThe Tennessee Eastman Hiking and Canoeing Club is one of the most active crews in the region, maintaining 134 miles of the Appalachian Trail between Damascus and Spivey Gap, N.C., including epic stretches like the Roan Highlands. The club has A.T. trail maintenance outings every Tuesday morning, as well as organized hikes every Friday. Both start at 8am.tehcc.orgVirginiaLinden to Route 22 • November 19Not a bad way to spend a fall Saturday afternoon. After a moderate 8.2-mile ramble on the A.T. through the northern end of the Shenandoah Valley near Front Royal, the Capital Hiking Club will then head to the nearby Pearmund Cellars winery to sample some local grape.capitalhikingclub.orgNorth CarolinaWallace Gap to Deep Gap • November 25-27Spend the long holiday weekend backpacking with the venerable Carolina Mountain Club. Over three days you’ll cover 21 miles as you hike south on the A.T. through the Southern Nantahala Wilderness Area. It’s a moderate jaunt with a total of 4,640 feet of ascent, including a climb of Standing Indian Mountain. Along the way, you’ll catch sweet views from the ridge above the headwaters basin of the Nantahala River.carolinamountainclub.orgGeorgiaBlood Mountain Summit • December 31There’s no better way to say goodbye to the past year than standing on a mountain summit. The Georgia Appalachian Trail Club will lead a six-mile loop hike on the Appalachian and Freeman Trails that will crest the majestic top of 4,458-foot Blood Mountain, Georgia’s highest peak on the A.T.georgia-atclub.org
The Salvadoran Armed Forces (FAES) have deployed 2,000 service members from the Águila Command to protect students at 1,063 schools in the most dangerous places of El Salvador, mainly areas plagued by the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) and Barrio 18 (M-18) gangs. Since January 18th, the service members have been operating special devices for monitoring, patrolling, and guarding the schools – both outside and inside the campuses – as well as the transportation routes used by the students. The Armed Forces will conduct the program throughout the nation. In the country’s Eastern Zone, the Águila Command will monitor 247 schools; in the Central Zone, 402; in the Paracentral Zone, 157; and 257 schools in the Western Zone. “In times of peace, we provide all of our capabilities in logistics, administration, and intelligence to the populace, to bring tranquility to the students and their families,” National Defense Minister David Munguía Payés said at the program’s launch. Through this effort, the FAES will support the government’s “United for our sons and daughters” program designed to encourage prevention activities to keep violent groups from gaining access to schools and instigating drug use. Cooperating with the community For the members of the Águila Command, providing security at schools is a cooperative effort. The Troops stay in contact with the leaders of community organizations throughout the country, and board members in 120 cities that have created Municipal Violence Prevention Committees, with whom they work hand-in-hand to prevent common crimes and gang incidents. The Águila Command This sentiment was echoed by Rigoberto Pineda, a 47-year-old electrician whose 7-year-old daughter is in first grade at the José Mejía School. The Armed Forces are the most trustworthy institution to guarantee students’ safety, according to Pineda. “We trust the efforts of our service members because the gangs fear them,” said Carmen Alférez, a 45-year-old housewife who has two children at the José Mejía School, one in fourth grade and one in seventh. “We trust that they will be there when our children need protection.” Leading this effort is Colonel Renato Pérez Aguirre, the commanding officer of the Águila Command, a special public security support unit that has been deployed to protect schools’ perimeters since June 2014. From January to December 2015, the Águila Command sent 1,302 service members to support 651 schools nationwide, providing security and performing searches to prevent crime from entering the classroom. “We joined this effort because we want to protect the residents of our cities, especially our children, from risk factors that lead only to social violence, and our teenagers from joining criminal groups and gangs,” said Azucena Linares, a 36-year-old secretary and member of one of the Municipal Violence Prevention Committees in San Salvador. These committees are part of a national strategy of the Ministry of Public Security to generate a culture of peace and non-violence among citizens. “I know parents whose children are at schools that are being watched by the Military, and they have seen a difference in the climate of security,” he said. “The presence of Soldiers gives them peace of mind because the Soldiers monitor things and do not tolerate anyone who wants to generate violence.” The Armed Forces will also participate in other student protection efforts to prevent harassment, child labor, human trafficking, and domestic violence. For example, service members will also accompany students to discussions on the consequences of drug use and on the standards of civic duty that allow people to live together harmoniously, though details of those initiatives have not yet been made public by the Ministry of Defense. “Our service members are ready to assist the student population and to protect and guard them from their homes to their schools,” Col. Pérez Aguirre said at the plan’s launch. “This effort will energize protection for schools and make it more dynamic.” By Dialogo January 28, 2016 The ceremony to launch this new effort to protect the most at-risk children and adolescents was held in the José Mejía School, which is in the Southern Zone of San Salvador where criminal subgroups under MS-13 and M-18 gangs converge. Parents of students welcomed the arrival of the Troops to provide public safety.
continue reading » NAFCU remains vigilant in protecting the credit union tax exemption as the White House prepares a stronger push for tax reform legislation – likely this week – according to reports.Reuters, covering a report from The Financial Times on Friday, reported that President Donald Trump would begin his efforts with a speech Wednesday in Missouri, according to National Economic Council Director Gary Cohn.Also last week, Politico quoted White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders saying that a focus on tax reform is a big priority for the Trump administration and that action would “probably” start this week and carry into the fall. 8SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr
The Vatican said on Friday that a patient in its health services had tested positive for the coronavirus, the first in the tiny, walled city state surrounded by Rome.The discovery brought the epidemic to the heart of the capital of Italy, the worst-hit European country. The death toll in Italy, where the virus has hit mostly in the north, stood at 148 on Thursday.A Vatican spokesman said the case was diagnosed on Thursday and that services in Vatican clinics had been suspended to sanitize the areas. Topics : Most Vatican employees who use its health services live in Italy on the other side of the border with the 108-acre city state.Bruni gave no details on whether the person who tested positive was such an employee or among the relatively few clergy or guards who live inside its walls.The Vatican has said Pope Francis, who cancelled a Lent retreat for the first time in his papacy, is suffering only from a cold that is “without symptoms related to other pathologies.”
The Jakarta administration plans to add 11 COVID-19 reference hospitals as cases continue to rise in the capital.Jakarta currently has 67 COVID-19 referral hospitals and 170 hospitals providing services for COVID-19 patients. However, the city has recently been grappling with a rising number of hospitalizations among COVID-19 patients.According to the national COVID-19 task force on Monday, bed occupancy rates in isolation rooms and intensive care units (ICUs) in Jakarta had reached 69 and 77 percent, respectively. The current rate, which task force spokesperson Wiku Adisasmito said was “no longer ideal”, needs to drop to 60 percent to reduce the burden on healthcare workers.Currently there are 513 ICU beds and 4,054 isolation room beds designated for COVID-19 patients all across Jakarta.Read also: Jakarta to require all COVID-19 patients to be quarantined in hospitalsThe administration is currently aiming to increase the number to 4,800 isolation room beds and 650 ICU beds.With the addition of the 11 hospitals, the capital city would see 85 more ICUs and 286 isolation rooms for COVID-19 patients.Jakarta Health Agency head Widyastuti said the administration would strengthen the hospital networks around the reference hospitals so that patients with other diseases could still have access to health facilities.”We’ll map hospitals in each city, so we can strengthen the hospital network around the area, especially since some patients and conditions need continuous treatment [at hospitals],” she told kompas.com.Read also: Jakarta sees rising COVID-19 hospitalizationsOn Thursday, the capital city recorded yet another record-high of new COVID-19 cases with 1,406 people, bringing the total number of confirmed cases citywide to 43,709.Jakarta had reported 10,032 active cases as of Thursday with 1,253 fatalities and 32,424 recoveries.In a bid to slow down the rate of transmission, the administration is set to issue a policy that will require COVID-19 patients in the capital to be quarantined at coronavirus referral centers and hospitals.Under the new regulation, self-quarantine will no longer be an option for COVID-19 patients regardless of whether or not they exhibit coronavirus symptoms. (nal)Topics :