Rabat- Peaches Geldof, a TV presenter, journalist, and daughter of pop singer Bob Geldof, died on April 7, 2014 at the age of 25, leaving behind two sons and a husband. Police described her death as “unexplained and sudden.” She had been to Morocco a few years ago to work on a documentary about Islam.Geldof visited Morocco when she was 17 years old to experience life with a devout Muslim family as a teenager, which was featured in a documentary titled, “The Beginner’s Guide to Islam.” She stayed with a Moroccan girl, Nadira, and embraced a Muslim lifestyle. In a show called Richard and Judy on the British Channel 4, Peaches described her two-week experience in Marrakesh as “shocking.” She wanted to find answers to questions such as: What is Islam? Why is it misinterpreted by the media and by general people?” The host of the show, Richard, brought up the issue of the sacrifice of animals in Islam, which dates back to the time of Prophet Abraham. Peaches explained the ritual of slaughtering sheep on Eid- al-Adha as “they eat the whole of the sheep, like the brain and stuff. It is a religious thing. While here it is just a combat for survival. It is ceremonial and better than mass killings in abattoirs. It is part of their religion”.To experience the Islamic appearance for girls, Geldof accompanied Nadira to a local market in the city of Marrakesh, dressed in a white Jelaba and white headscarf. She openly expressed her feelings about being covered, “I feel a bit degraded having to cover up my hair and my whole body in a kind of a shapeless sacs and no one can see how I look, it makes me feel a little bit sad to be honest.”Richard inquired if Nadira had shared her feelings about being covered with Geldof during her stay. Gedof confirmed that when Nadira showed her some clothes from the days before she wore hijb, she felt nostalgic for those days. However, she told Geldof, “This is how I looked like, but now my life is for Allah.” Geldof added, “It is kind of oppressing but at the same time is admirable because they are doing it for themselves and in the name of God and they are not doing it for men”.Geldof’s interest in understanding Islam may have been a bit subjective considering she came from the fashion industry, where the standards of beauty are framed and limited. This shows clearly in her reaction to wearing the Jelaba as feeling “oppressed.” However, she did also point to the fact that, ““women in the West are being exploited because they have to dress in a certain way and purely to titillate men.” Edited by Saba Naseem
Rabat – Argentine forward Lionel Messi said that he wants to win major trophies with FC Barcelona this season, but admitted that he might leave the Camp Nou side in the near future.Speaking to Argentine sports paper Ole, the four-time FIFA Ballon D’Or winner said that it’s not up to him to decide whether he would continue defending the colors of the Catalan giants in the long run.“I have said it many times-if it were up to me, I would stay forever. But like I said just now, things don’t always turn out the way one wishes, especially in football, where things can change and so many things can happen,” the Argentine said. Messi has suffered over the last year from a decline in his level on the pitch due to injuries, in addition to problems with the Spanish tax authorities.The Argentine has always expressed his happiness to play in Barcelona and assured his fans many times that he would not leave Catalonia till the end of his professional career.However, the 27-year-old told Ole that nothing is taken for granted and that things can change over time. “Football has a lot of twists and turns. I always said that I’d like to stay there forever, but things don’t always work out as you want them to,” he added.
Rabat’s Mawazine festival has announced that the Mohammed VI National Theatre “will again give the stage to the stars of the Arab world and international celebrities.”On Mawazine’s opening night, Friday, June 21, 2019, Andalusian Flamenco Ballet take the National Theatre’s stage. The dance company has been the Andalusian government’s official flamenco ambassador for 20 years and has brought the best of flamenco to stages across the globe.The group has also been home to some of the most influential figures in Spanish dance, including Israel Galván, Isabel Bayón, Rafael Campallo, Belén Maya, Patricia Guerrero, and Rafaela Carrasco, among others. Saturday, June 22, promises another world-class performance with Lebanese composer and pianist Ziad Rahbani on stage. Being the son of both Fairouz, one of the most iconic singers of the Arab world and famous composer Assi Rahbani, led Rahbani to begin composing music himself in 1973 at just 17 years old. Since then, he has been involved in dozens of plays and famous compositions of his own.Following Rahbani is another Lebanese act, an indie rock band called Mashrou’Leila. The five-person group mixes electro and rock sounds with traditional oriental music. Since forming in Beirut in 2008, Mashrou’Leila has sold out shows in Paris, Amsterdam, Montreal, and dozens of other music hubs. The following night, Monday, June 24, the French rapper of Congolese origins Abd Al Malik will perform. Al Malik, who also dabbles in slam poetry, pairs powerful lyrics with intense music. Al-Malik converted to Islam after marrying French Moroccan singer Wallen in 2001 and cites Moroccan spiritual leader Hamza al Qâdiri al Boutchichi as a great influence. On Tuesday, June 25, France will also be represented by singer-songwriter Julien Clerc. Since beginning his studio career in 1968, Clerc has released almost 30 albums and toured the world multiple times. The following evening, American disco group Sister Sledge will perform. The group was formed in 1971 by 4 sisters and sold more than 15 million records. Sister Sledge’s Mawazine performance is part of a worldwide comeback tour.On Thursday, June 27, the US will be represented again by Stanley Clarke. Clarke began his career in the 1970s and became one of the most famous bassists of the jazz genre.Bringing things closer to home for the closing weekend of Mawazine, Algerian singer Samir Toumi will perform, showcasing his Arab-Andalusian style. Following Toumi’s performance, Moroccan singer Sanaa Marahati will go on, representing the younger generation of “melhoun” and “gharnati” musicians. Closing the festival on Saturday, June 29, is young Egyptian singer Mohamed Mohsen. Mohsen aims to preserve Egyptian culture with his mesmerizing voice and has succeeded in doing so since releasing his debut album in 2012. That same year, Mohsen won the Al-Ahram Award in the category “Best Young Singer.” Mawazine, a festival in Rabat with six venues will take place from June 21 to June 29 and is organized by Maroc Cultures under the patronage of King Mohammed VI. Having drawn over 2.5 million attendees in recent years, Mawazine is the second largest music festival in the world, after Donauinselfest in Vienna, and the largest festival in Africa.The festival brings in artists from countries all over the world as well as highlighting local Moroccan musicians. Last year, the festival saw major international acts perform such as Martin Garrix, Bruno Mars, Luis Fonsi, and The Weeknd.The festival lists the democratization of culture in Morocco as one of its initiatives and provides free access to 90% of its shows each year.Read also: Mawazine 2019: J Balvin, Lartiste, David Guetta to Kick off Festival
Smugglers take advantage of minor difference in price in foreign countries and reap huge benefit by evading import duty in India. Sri Lanka is popular because gold costs lesser than in India. Customs officials in Chennai have seized 2.5kg of gold smuggled from Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia.Indian media reports said that 14 people have been arrested after they arrived on different flights. The travellers hailed from Thanjavur, Trichy and Madurai and had gone to Malaysia, Singapore and Colombo on tourist visas. Checks revealed that they had concealed small quantities of gold in their bags. Smugglers often depend on carriers to bring gold to the country. These carriers are mostly paid 5,000 to 7,000 per consignment. “Carriers often travel light and would have travelled several times. We profile carriers and identify them using the information from their passports,” said an official. “Many of the detained passengers frequently travel abroad. Questioning revealed that they were supposed to hand over gold to two smugglers in the city. Police would be investigating about those smugglers,” said an airport official, according to the Times of India.
Shakeel Hussain said that the Government of Pakistan is actively engaged with all neighboring countries in an effort to create a peaceful neighborhood and at the same time intensifying economic engagement with all friendly countries. The High Commissioner highlighted that the President Maithripala Sirisena’s state visit to Pakistan in April, 2015, is a testimony to the fact that both countries attach great importance to this mutually beneficial relationship. He elaborated that during the visit both sides agreed to expand cooperation in the areas like higher education, industrial development, shipping, disaster management, peaceful use of nuclear technology and exchange of expertise in various areas of mutual interests. The leadership’s decisions are being followed up vigorously with exchange of high level delegations, he added.Shakeel Hussain said that Pakistan and Sri Lankan face significant challenges, at the same time they have tremendous opportunities. This mutuality provides a wide canvas for both countries to help and support each other, in order to jointly overcome challenges and maximize opportunities, he added.The High Commissioner also conveyed warm regards and best wishes from the government and people of Pakistan to the government and people of Sri Lanka. He underlined that Pakistan is celebrating its 69th Independence Day at a time when the country is entering into a new era of development, prosperity, peace and political stability as the Government and people of Pakistan are unanimous in their resolve to make Pakistan truly democratic, welfare and prosperous state. Pakistan today said that the brotherly and time tested relationship between Pakistan and Sri Lanka, having depth, breadth and diversity, serves as a beacon for other countries of South Asia.The High Commissioner of Pakistan in Sri Lanka, Maj Gen (R) Syed Shakeel Hussain said this while delivering his message on the occasion of the 69th Independence Day of Pakistan today in Colombo. On Pakistan-Sri Lanka relations, he explained that historical and cultural links between our two peoples date back to the time when the Indus Valley and Gandhara Civilizations prospered in what is now Pakistan. He further said that Pakistan and Sri Lankan are continuing to nurture their mutually beneficial relations in diverse fields.He added that both countries are exploring ways to broaden and deepen the economic ties, through enhancement of trade and bilateral investments, within the framework of the Free Trade Agreement as our top most priority. Later, the messages of the President and Prime Minister of Pakistan were read out to the participants. The High Commissioner also hoisted the national flag of Pakistan and cut Independence Day Cake with Children during the ceremony attended by a large number of participants from various walks of life including members of the Sri Lanka Pakistan Friendship Association, Pakistan Sri Lanka Business Council, prominent Sri Lankan personalities, Pakistani community and wide section of media. (Colombo Gazette)
Spokesman Manoel de Almeida e Silva said that the envoy, General Amadou Toumani Touré, would hold his second meeting with President Ange-Félix Patassé to discuss “reports of extra-judicial killings and human rights violations which are reportedly still going on in the aftermath of the coup attempt [late last month] and which are targeting certain ethnic groups linked to the leader of the coup, General André Kolingba.”Meanwhile, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) – the lead agency dealing with the humanitarian side of the situation in the Central African Republic – today received in Bangui a planeload of supplies from Denmark, according to the spokesman. The 40-tonne shipment included high-protein biscuits, medicine and water purification supplies.
Last season was among the zaniest in NHL history. An expansion team came within three games of winning the Stanley Cup. A New Jersey Devil won the Hart Trophy as the league’s MVP. The Washington Capitals didn’t lose to the Pittsburgh Penguins in the second round of the playoffs — and went on to lift Lord Stanley’s shiny silver salad bowl for the first time in franchise history. As the NHL’s 2018-19 campaign is set to begin, we shouldn’t expect a repeat of last season, but what can we expect? Let’s have a look.Could Vegas somehow be better than it was in year one?The Vegas Golden Knights entered the 2017-18 NHL season without much in the way of expectations. Their roster was the best assembled by an expansion franchise in league history, but even that didn’t seem to matter — it just meant the Knights would be relatively bad, instead of embarrassingly bad, right?Oh what a difference the best expansion season in sports history can make.The Knights enter this season with the same Stanley Cup odds as the defending champion Capitals (14-to-1),1All odds in this article are as of Oct. 1. and they seem less like a glitzy desert novelty and more like a team built to make a deep playoff run. Vegas would have challenged for Western Conference pre-eminence even if they had made exactly zero roster moves during the summer. But the Knights added depth on the offensive side of the bench, signing veteran center Paul Stastny and trading for sharp-shooting left winger Max Pacioretty. Stastny makes the Knights a better possession team: His abilities at the dot (his career faceoff win percentage is 53.9) should bolster a troupe of centermen who tied for the eighth-worst faceoff win percentage in the league last season. Pacioretty makes up for the goals Vegas lost when James Neal signed with the Calgary Flames: Pacioretty has scored 30 or more goals each season in which he’s played more than 70 games.Vegas returns four players who scored at least 55 points and at least 20 goals — and while it’s probably too soon to ordain William Karlsson and Jonathan Marchessault as superstars, each played as such last season.So the team shouldn’t struggle to score. And if goalie Marc-Andre Fleury finds the same form he showed off during the playoffs last season — when he was a beast — the Knights also won’t have much trouble preventing other teams from scoring goals.Can Canada win its first Cup since the early 1990s?The last Canadian team to win the Cup was the Montreal Canadiens, all the way back in 1993. This season, two of the three teams with the shortest odds to win it all hail from the Great White North: the Winnipeg Jets and the Toronto Maple Leafs.The Jets return seven skaters who scored 43 or more points last season, each of whom is at least 6 feet tall. The Jets are big and fast and scary, and they’re nearly as good at protecting their own net as they are shelling the net of their opponents: Winnipeg scored the second-highest number of goals in the NHL last season and conceded the fifth-fewest. If goalie Connor Hellebuyck plays as well as he did last season, the Jets might do what seemingly everyone thought they were going to do last spring: win the Cup.Like their Canadian neighbors to the west, the Leafs look to be devastating in the offensive zone. Last season, they notched 270 goals, tied for third in the league. And their power play, which ranked second in 2017-18, will be even better with the addition of longtime Islander John Tavares — 213 of his 621 career points have come with the man advantage. Having to choose between Tavares and Auston Matthews to center the top power play unit is a dilemma that Leafs coach Mike Babcock will no doubt be happy to have.Canadians like hockey a lot more than Americans do, so it feels a bit cruel that they haven’t been able to celebrate a Stanley Cup title in nearly three decades. If the Jets and the Leafs can manage to pick up where they left off last season and continue to pour goals in with apparent ease, all that might finally change in 2019.Will another new name be etched on the Cup?Last season, the Caps ended 42 seasons of Cupless hockey in Washington, while two other teams to have never won it — Winnipeg and Vegas — reached the semifinals or beyond. This season, there are two franchises that have been knocking on the door for years that hope to end their own long Cupless streaks.We already know why the San Jose Sharks are contenders: Their rearguard is lousy with winners of the Norris Trophy (given to the league’s top defenseman) who are in the habit of putting up massive point totals. Brent Burns and Erik Karlsson, whom the Sharks traded for this summer, won’t be paired together at even strength, but they’ll hurt teams on the power play, along with Joe Thornton, Joe Pavelski and Evander Kane.Speaking of Thornton: There are a lot of miles on those legs (and lots of debris in that beard, shorter though it may be), and he’s no longer the player he was when he was 30. But he says he feels rested and healthy as he heads into his 21st season playing in the NHL. And there are precious few playmakers you’d rather have centering a line with goalscorers like Pavelski and Kane patrolling the half boards than a rested and healthy Joe Thornton. Thornton also appears to be happy about the Karlsson trade.If the Nashville Predators don’t strike soon, they’ll be in danger of joining San Jose’s ranks as perennial bridesmaids. Last season, the Preds finished the regular season with the most points in the league but underperformed in the playoffs.2They lost in the second round of the playoffs to the Jets in a weird series that was defined by blowouts despite going seven games. While Nashville doesn’t have a true offensive superstar, they’re stacked at the back: P.K. Subban, who won a Norris Trophy in 2013, and Roman Josi are among the best 10 defensemen on the planet, and Ryan Ellis and Mattias Ekholm aren’t bad either. That group of four, along with goalie Pekka Rinne, are the reason the Preds conceded the second-fewest goals in the league last season.Or will the postseason mainstays add to their trophy case?Deference must be given to the Capitals: They enter as the defending champions, and their roster is filled with many of the players who’ve made the team so consistently good for the past decade. It remains to be seen how much the post-celebration hangover — especially Alexander Ovechkin’s — will affect Washington’s play early on, but the Caps should be taken seriously as a repeat threat.Also in the mix should be two frequent contenders: the Pittsburgh Penguins and the Boston Bruins. Both clubs will rely on high-scoring top lines and lethal power plays, which were crucial ingredients to their relative successes last season (they each made it to the second round of the playoffs). Penguins superstar Sidney Crosby is still one of the two best players in the world,3The top distinction belongs to Connor McDavid these days. Sorry, Sid. and all he’s ever done in Pittsburgh is win. And if Boston’s temperamental talisman Brad Marchand can stop licking — and elbowing — people’s faces and instead focus on scoring goals, he could be a candidate to win the Art Ross Trophy, given to the league’s top point-getter. That’s a big if, though: He’s been suspended six times since 2011, and nothing in his past suggests that he’s learned his lesson. Boston fans will be forced to hold their collective breath every time Marchand takes the ice and to hope that he does something like this instead of something like this.If there’s a sleeper in the league, it might be the Los Angeles Kings, who have won two Stanley Cup titles this decade but were swept away by Vegas in the first round of the playoffs last season. They gave up the fewest goals in 2017-18 and boasted the league’s stingiest penalty kill. But while they were effective at keeping goals out of their own net, they were mediocre at putting them into the nets of their opponents: The Kings were in the middle of the pack in goals scored and power play percentage. The signing of Ilya Kovalchuk may change that. Kovalchuk is 35 years old and hasn’t played in an NHL game since 2013, but the Kings are hoping he can find some of the magic that allowed him to score 816 points in 816 career games. Whether or not the Russian still has some goals in his locker may determine if the Kings are first-round doormats or a team built for a Stanley Cup run.And let’s not forget about the Tampa Bay Lightning, who will be out to avenge their Eastern Conference finals loss to the Capitals. They’re the only team in the NHL that can match the blueline depth of the Preds, and their forward group isn’t half-bad either: They got 186 points from just Steven Stamkos and Nikita Kucherov last season. Then there’s Andrei Vasilevskiy, who is one of the best goalies in the league — his quality starts percentage of .706 in the playoffs was far greater than his career regular-season mark of .517. And if we’ve learned anything, it’s that a hot goalie is crucial to success in the postseason.
OSU senior second baseman L Grant Davis (50) hits the ball during a game against Morehead State at Bill Davis Stadium on April 13. OSU won 7-3. Credit: Muyao Shen | Asst. Photo EditorDown 3-2 in the bottom of the seventh inning to Morehead State, OSU co-captain Nick Sergakis stepped into the batter’s box, knowing he had to make up for mistake he committed in the top of the fifth inning.With two outs and a man on third, the normally sturdy third baseman tracked a hard-hit ground ball down the third base line, pushing him to the beginning of left-field grass. His arm failed him, one-hopping the throw to first baseman Troy Kuhn. The senior couldn’t handle it, which scored Eagles junior right fielder Will Schneider from third. Focused and dialed in, the senior from Columbus planted his feet in the box, pointed his bat to the outfield and connected on the very first pitch he saw in his next at-bat, sending his sixth home run of the season over the trees in deep left field, pushing the Buckeyes ahead 4-3 on the two-run blast.“To be honest with you, I didn’t know what I was going to see,” Sergakis said. “They haven’t really pitched to me at all lately. I was looking for a fastball up, and that’s what I got. I just put a swing on it, and once I hit it, I knew it and it put us ahead by one.” OSU senior third baseman Nick Sergakis (21) steps in the box before hitting a go-ahead home run during a game against Morehead State at Bill Davis Stadium on April 13. OSU won 7-3.Credit: Giustino Bovenzi | Lantern reporterThe momentum provided by Sergakis in the seventh charged the Buckeyes into the eight, where they tacked on three more runs on three doubles, sealing the 7-3 win for the Scarlet and Gray.“That’s just how quickly the game of baseball can change,” Sergakis said. “You could put your team down by one, then the next inning put them up by one. That’s how it is, and that’s why you can never hang your head over an error or a strikeout or anything like that.” Earlier in the game, the Buckeyes overcame a slow start and a 2-0 hole thanks to junior center fielder Troy Montgomery. The Fortville, Indiana, native clubbed his sixth home run of the season off the scoreboard in right-center field, scoring sophomore outfielder Tre’ Gantt.OSU coach Greg Beals said Montgomery’s home run really calmed his team’s nerves and allowed it to get settled in.“Montgomery’s home run allowed everybody to be like, ‘OK we’re back into a tie ballgame, we’re not in the hole,’” Beals said. “And then Sergakis’s one was kind of the back-breaker for them, I believe, for him to get that big home run there. Both of them, really big time at-bats.”OSU senior pitcher Daulton Mosbarger was effective in his first start of his career. In the no-decision, the Bellefontaine, Ohio, product lasted 4.1 innings, allowing two earned runs on four hits, two walks and one strikeout.Redshirt sophomore pitcher Kyle Michalik (1-0) picked up his first career victory for his 3.2 innings of scoreless relief, allowing just two hits. The Brunswick, Ohio, native said it was great to pick up his first career win because his mother was in attendance to see it unfold.“It’s a really good feeling, to finally get your first career win here,” Michalik said. “I’ve just been working real hard at everything, and I’m kind of at a loss of words to be honest with you. First win just feels really good.”OSU is scheduled to return to action with a three-game Big Ten series against Rutgers. Junior lefty Tanner Tully is slated to take the mound in Game 1 for OSU, which is set to start at 6:35 p.m. on Friday.
MET ÉIREANN IS predicting freezing temperatures over the next few days with snow showers and icy conditions expected up until Wednesday.The week is forecast to start out “bitterly cold” and “rather cold” thereafter. Tomorrow night will be dry, cold and clear with widespread frost across the country and temperatures are expected to drop as low as -4 degree Celsius.Some wintry showers of rain, sleet and snow will feed in from the Irish Sea coming into Monday morning (just in time for your commute to work) with a dusting of snow likely across the east of Leinster. Temperatures will remain low for the rest of the day at just 1 to 4 degrees with a significant wind chill, though many places will be dry with good sunshine.There will be some snow accumulations, but amounts will be fairly small and flurries are expected to clear by night with temperatures dipping as low as -6 degrees Celsius in some areas.Tuesday and Wednesday will be frosty with a few wintry showers and the occasional sunny spell.If you spot any of those powdery flakes in your area over the next few days, snap a picture and sent it to email@example.com. Read: Over 100 people rescued from Wicklow mountains in 5 days>More: Weatherwatch: Has it snowed where you are?>
McMillan says the magazine will undergo “numerous changes” in the coming months. “Through a variety of cost saving measures, strategic investments and upgrades to the Source infrastructure, it is our intent to elevate its editorial content and advertising standards, while simultaneously building our presence in the digital and mobile media spaces,” he wrote.Launched two decades ago, the Source is considered a pioneer in hip-hop magazines, but faced financial problems in recent years, including a bankruptcy filing in 2007. McMillan, along with investment banker Jeffery Scott and his Black Enterprise/Greenwich Street, acquired a stake in the magazine in August 2008. The magazine was formerly owned by co-founders Dave Mays and Raymond “Benzino” Scott. Northstar Source Group, a shareholder in pioneering hip-hop magazine the Source, has purchased a $3.75 million debt obligation and the remaining stock from a major investor in the magazine, making it the majority owner of the company.Northstar, led by media and entertainment attorney L. Londell McMillan, acquired the stock and secured $3.75 million note from Textron Financial, a commercial finance company. As part of the acquisition, McMillan says he will either serve as or appoint a chairman for the Source.“The logic here was simply to reduce the Source’s debt burden, increase retained earnings for the growth of the business, avoid sale of any important content and assets that are all integral parts of the new media vision and business plan of new management,” McMillan wrote in an e-mail to FOLIO:. “This debt cancellation makes the Source the most financially attractive property in hip-hop and popular culture because it is now debt free and profitable.”
Editor’s Note: This story originally appears on FOLIO: sister site minonline.comA change in administration typically means changes in personnel, and so it was on Monday (Dec. 3) when MPA–the Association of Magazine Media president/CEO Mary Berner hired Meredith Wagner as executive VP/communications. Berner has been serving since September, and Wagner will be assuming the responsibilities of predecessor Howard Polskin when she starts on Jan. 7, 2013.Polskin is ending an eight-year stint at MPA, and his playing a major role in implementing the organization’s name change from Magazine Publishers of America in Oct. 2010 is among his major achievements.Pre-MPA, Wagner’s career highlight was Lifetime Networks executive VP/communications, public affairs and advocacy from 2001-2009 (the culmination of 22 years with the cable network). Most recently, she was interim chief marketing officer at the nonprofit Women for Women International.
To keep up with the rapidly changing desires and habits of readers, Hearst’s Esquire is introducing a new weekly tablet edition, the company announced late last week.Esquire Weekly will feature original content and will include a mix of columns, essays and excerpts, and will focus on broader trends like its monthly counterpart, but will also be more reactive to the news of the week. To get a sense of how this new hybrid lifestyle and news weekly will work, FOLIO: caught up with David Granger, the brand’s editor-in-chief, and Joe Keohane, senior editor of Esquire Digital.FOLIO: Why make a weekly tablet edition? David Granger: One, because we like the idea and we think our readers will like it too. It’s cool and new, something no one has really tried before, and Esquire has always had a soft spot for trying cool new things. Two, until we started the weekly, our tablet readers only had a reason to use the app once a month. We want to prompt them to spend more time with it. Three, digitally we have two distinct audiences: The monthly subscribers to our tablet version of the magazine, and Esquire.com readers (who come to the site mostly through social media and searches). The weekly is a way for us to bridge that gap and give more to the digital subscribers, who are missing a lot of great stuff online. By giving them more great stuff—right now $20 gets you the monthly, the Weekly and the Big Black Book—we’ll hopefully retain more of them, and attract more new subscribers.FOLIO: What kind of content will be in this weekly digital edition? Is it exclusive or will it be found on the Web and in the monthly as well? Joe Keohane: Both. It’s a mix of columns by Esquire megafauna like Charlie Pierce, AJ Jacobs, Stephen Marche and Josh Ozersky, along with a mix of essays, features, excerpts, and short-form pieces by Esquire staffers and select freelancers. We conceived it as a sort of Esquire Express: Something smart, funny, insightful, moving, and beautifully presented—everything you expect from the monthly—but “snackable,” in the parlance, designed to be consumed in a sitting or two.There likely won’t be any overlap between the weekly and the monthly, though the weekly is perfectly positioned to run, say, follow-ups of big stories that run in the magazine. There will be exclusive material in the weekly that will stay in the weekly, but there will be some overlap between it and Esquire.com. For instance, A.J. Jacobs’ column will be exclusive to the weekly for six days, and then we’ll release it online. Other columns may run online at the same time they come out in the weekly, or maybe a bit before. Some will be totally exclusive. We’re taking it on a case-by-case basis to ensure what goes into the weekly is always sharp and timely. FOLIO: Will the content be more focused on timely news than the monthly counterpart?Joe Keohane: There are different kinds of timeliness. The monthly is all about anticipating what is going to be on people’s minds or creating stories of such originality that they create their own news. Esquire Weekly will be able to be a little more reactive. It will be very timely. The ideal is to create stories and designs that meet the editorial and design standard of the monthly, but do so at the velocity of the Web. FOLIO: How did you determine the price? David Granger: It’s free for digital subscribers, of course, but $0.99 just seemed right for it. We wanted to keep the price low to entice people to buy it, and then hopefully subscribe to the monthly. FOLIO: How does this fit into Esquire‘s larger audience development, marketing and sales strategy? David Granger: We’ve done a good job at driving people to download the app but most of the people who downloaded it in the early days didn’t do much with it once they saw that it was nothing more than a purchase opportunity. Now we have completely redesigned the shell and broadened our product offerings. We want to give readers more reasons to decide to buy Esquire once they download the app. Now, we have a variety of products at various price points, as well as the opportunity to let them know that there is something new happening in the Esquire app on a more regular basis. Stay updated on the latest FOLIO: news, follow us on Facebook & Twitter!
Share your voice 3:40 How Google made a Doodle game Java nice day. Google You can thank Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge for making some eye-opening discoveries, including one that’s an integral part of our lives 200 years later.The German analytical chemist began conducting chemical experiments at a young age, identifying the pupil-dilating effects of belladonna when he accidentally splashed a drop of the toxic perennial, also known as deadly nightshade, into his eye.But a stimulating 1819 discovery is the reason Google is celebrating Runge’s 225th birthday Friday, by way of an animated Doodle. For after Runge demonstrated his belladonna discovery to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, he was encouraged to analyze the chemical makeup of coffee beans, leading a few months later to the identification of caffeine as its active ingredient. Doodles have been a whimsical touch on Google’s search page off and on since the first one appeared in 1998. At that time, Google’s co-founders spoofed the traditional “out of office” sign by incorporating the Burning Man symbol into the company’s corporate logo. Since then, the addition of colorful — and sometimes interactive — graphics to Google’s logo to highlight notable people, events, holidays and anniversaries has become a ritual. Doodles have celebrated, among many other things, Pac-Man’s anniversary, Copernicus’ birthday, Mother’s Day and the World Cup, as well as reminding us of lesser-known real-world heroes. Born in Hamburg, Germany, on Feb. 8, 1794, Runge earned his doctorate from the University of Berlin and went on to teach chemistry at the University of Breslau until 1831, when he went to work for a chemical company until 1852. His other work included the first coal tar dye (aniline blue) and the first extraction of quinoline, which led to the derivative quinine, a drug used to treat malaria. Despite his contributions to chemistry, Runge died in poverty in 1867 at the age of 73.First published Feb. 7, 6 p.m. PT.Update, Feb. 8 at 10:23 a.m. PT: Adds additional background information.Google Assistant gets sci-fi ambitious: Before too long, it might even recognize your mood.Getting to know Google Home: How to buy, how to get started and how to get the most out of the smart speaker. Tags Now playing: Watch this: Comments Google Doodle 2 Online Sci-Tech
A Doyon drill rig putting in new wells at the ConocoPhillips CD5 drill site on the North Slope. Photo: Rachel Waldholz/APRNAs oil continues to hover around $40 a barrel, Alaska is confronting a new reality: if prices stay this low, the state’s major North Slope producers might owe no production taxes at all in coming years.With the state struggling to close a $4 billion budget deficit, that’s not an appealing prospect. And many lawmakers say they never understood how the tax system would work at very low prices. But industry says this was always part of the deal.Download AudioKara Moriarty, president and CEO of the Alaska Oil and Gas Association, tracks testimony of other oil and gas executives in a House Resources Committee meeting Feb. 29, 2016. The committee was taking testimony on House Bill 247, which would reduce the tax credits available to oil and gas companies. (Photo by Skip Gray/360 North)In its simplest form, Alaska’s current tax regime on the North Slope is a 35 percent net profits tax — meaning, the state takes 35 percent of the profit a company earns on any given barrel of oil. In calculating profits, companies can deduct the cost of producing and transporting that barrel. And companies can use a range of credits to reduce that tax.To protect the state, there’s also a tax floor — to make sure Alaska gets some revenue at lower prices.At that point, the the state takes a flat four percent of the gross value of a barrel of oil. Companies can deduct the cost of transportation, but not production.That tax floor, or minimum tax, goes into effect when oil prices hit around $70 per barrel — meaning it’s been in effect for most of the last two years.“That four percent tax is our tax,” said Ken Alper, who directs the state tax division. “We are in a minimum tax environment now for the foreseeable future.”But prices for North Slope crude aren’t just below $70 per barrel — they’re now below $40 per barrel. And at prices that low, the floor breaks.That’s because at very low prices, even the big producers, like ConocoPhillips, BP and ExxonMobil, start to lose money in Alaska. The companies can then earn credits that allow them to dip below the floor – taking their taxes all the way down to, essentially, zero.“If prices continue where they are, below $40 a barrel, in 2016, it’s likely that all three of the major producers will be in an operating loss circumstance. They’ll be losing money,” Alper said. “Then, beginning in 2017, they could use their credits to offset the floor and pay zero.”That’s zero in production taxes. And to be clear, the production tax isn’t the only revenue the state gets from the oil industry. Alaska still expects to take in about a billion dollars a year, mostly in royalties.But in recent years, the production tax has been the major source of state revenue, bringing in a recent high of $6 billion in 2012.The Department of Revenue now forecasts it could drop below $16 million by 2018.Many lawmakers say they didn’t see this coming.“I don’t believe that we really talked a lot about what happens at low prices,” said House Speaker Mike Chenault, R-Nikiski. “Because I don’t believe anyone thought that we would be at $30 a barrel oil.”Gov. Bill Walker has proposed what he calls “hardening” the floor. His plan would make it impossible for companies to dip below the four percent minimum tax. (Walker also wants to raise the floor, to a five percent minimum.)The House Resources committee, the first to consider the bill, stripped out those provisions.Kara Moriarty, president of the Alaska Oil and Gas Association, said the ability to take production taxes down to zero was always part of the deal.“We don’t see that as a loophole. We understood that would be allowed,” she said. “I just don’t think people thought that prices would ever get that low. And if they did, we’d all be in a world of hurt….and guess what? We are all in a world of hurt.”Moriarty points out that in order to dip below the minimum floor, companies have to be operating at a loss in Alaska.“We are not generating enough revenue every day to pay our daily bills,” she said. “Because the price of oil is not covering the cost to transport or to produce a barrel of oil on the North Slope.”Hardening the floor could also hit smaller, newer companies that have yet to turn a profit in Alaska.Sen. Bert Stedman, R-Sitka, has been critical of the current tax system, known as Senate Bill 21 or the More Alaska Production Act (MAPA), since it was first approved in 2013. He said the issue is larger than minimum tax or no minimum tax: the issue is the credits.“If we’re in the $40 price range for the next 12 to 18 months, we’re going to cripple the treasury for five, six years,” he said.That’s because whether or not the state hardens the floor, the credits don’t go away – they’re carried forward into future years. If companies take major losses at low oil prices, they can use that to reduce their taxes for years to come.Stedman said that for all its faults, the previous tax system, called ACES — or Alaska’s Clear and Equitable Share — allowed the state to make up that money if oil bounced back, imposing much higher taxes at high prices. That’s no longer true.“This downside exposure we have today is extremely dangerous,” Stedman said. “We can’t afford $35 and $40 per barrel oil. Because we can’t recoup it on the upside to repair it.”Stedman said he hoped lawmakers could work with industry to avoid what he called a coming “calamity.”The House Finance committee is currently hearing the oil tax credit bill, House Bill 247. The Senate Resources committee will begin discussing the House bill, along with Senate Bill 130, this weekend.
Gadwal: The officials of Tummilla Lift Irrigation Project have stopped pumping of water from the reservoir into Rajolibanda Diversion Scheme canal due to heavy inflows of water from the upstream. According to the irrigation officials of the project, the project is receiving more than 25,000 cusecs of water from upstream because of which the canal is overflowing over 3 feet above the normal. Also Read – JIH organises Eid Milap for sanitary workers Advertise With Us With the heavy inflows, the officials have stopped the lift motors at the pumphouse near Tummilla for the past two days and expected to halt the motors for another 3-4 days until the upstream water flow is receded. “Heavy upstream flow has forced to stop the Tummilla Lift Irrigation Project motors. We are expecting this will continue for another 3-4 days and will resume pumping after the flood gets slowed down,” informed a senior official at Thumilla project. At present, the water flow into RDS canal is recorded to be 25,000 cusecs, from which the officials are releasing water up to 7.5 feet to the main canal and it is expected to continue the same until the upstream flow recedes in the next 3-4 days.
Close Australian Open 2019: Novak Djokovic Wins Final Over Rafael Nadal World number one Novak Djokovic has tried to play down the ongoing spat against Roger Federer and Rafael Nadal.Novak Djokovic was the centre of the controversy surrounding the Association of Tennis Professionals Executive Chairman and President Chris Kermode stepping down after the end of his tenure later this year. The ATP decided not to hand Chris Kermode an extension over his present deal.Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal and other tennis players wanted Chris Kermode to continue at the helm of the ATP. Novak Djokovic is the head of the Players Council. He wants Chris Kermode gone so that there is new leadership guiding the sport. Novak Djokovic has once again spoken on this topic.”It is great to be part of this era with Roger and Rafa, without a doubt. It is definitely one of the greatest eras of tennis. I think every era has had something special in rivalries and champions that have established themselves as icon of this sport,” Novak Djokovic said, as reported by Express.”We are fortunate to be part of this sport which is very global and popular around the world. It obviously brings you nothing but positive emotions and fulfilment. But at the same time you also carry responsibility. Roger and Rafa have done it so well for so many years so I have obviously learned next to them,” he went on to add. WANG ZHAO/AFP/Getty ImagesMeanwhile, Philipp Kohlschreiber of Germany has shocked everyone after defeating world number one Novak Djokovic in straights in the round three of the 2019 Indian Wells last night. It was an upset to see the Serbian crash out of the tournament and Novak Djokovic says he does not enjoy when he ends up losing.Novak Djokovic says he was not at the top of his game and that led to his exit from the ATP Masters 100 event that is currently taking place in the United States. The 15 time Grand Slam winner has his eyes set on doing better in Miami later this month.”I’m not at my highest level, but slowly building, and hopefully I’ll be able to peak in Miami. To be honest, I don’t enjoy losing. Especially in a tournament like this, a tournament where I have had plenty of success in the past. You just have to deal with it, move on, turn the next page. Miami is the next tournament singles-wise for me,” said the world number one, as reported by Express.
Domestic e-commerce major Flipkart, which is reportedly preparing to issue an initial public offering (IPO), has confirmed its valuation at $15.2 billion (Rs 98,800 crore).The valuation is based on funds worth about $700 million raised by the online retailer in its last round of funding, Business Standard reported.On the other hand, valuation of Flipkart’s rival Snapdeal is pegged at $5 billion in its recent round of funding ($500 million) from Alibaba and Foxconn.Vinod Khosla, one of the co-founders of Sun Microsystems who is also a prominent investor, last week said that 85% of Indian online retailers, including Flipkart and Snapdeal, are “overvalued”.”If you ask me Flipkart, Snapdeal and other e-commerce start-ups are overvalued,” Khosla told.Valuation of e-commerce firms, which saw an exponential rise in recent years, is arrived by taking into account gross merchandise volume (GMV) of goods sold by them.Flipkart’s GMV was estimated at $4 billion in the last fiscal year ending March 2015 and the company plans to increase it to $10-12 billion by the end of this current fiscal year.Indian e-commerce firms have come under severe criticism from various quarters for their unrealistic valuations.During the March-June period this year, investors have pumped in $2.33 billion in Indian startups as against $844 million during the same period last year, a data from CB Insights showed.Domestic Internet startups have been using unconventional terms to show higher growth numbers in a bid to attract more investments, but many warn such practices are leading to a bubble situation that would burst soon.By following a discounting strategy, the players in the online market have witnessed a manifold increase in their customer base, but never posted profits since the beginning.
Jahangir Alam, father of Diya Khanam Mim, who died in the road accident.A case was filed in connection with the death of two college students in a road accident on Airport road on Sunday, UNB reports.Jahangir Alam, father of Diya Khanam Mim, who died in the road accident, filed the case against the unidentified driver with cantonment police station on Sunday night, said Gazi Shahan Haq, officer-in-charge of cantonment police station.Earlier on Sunday, Diya Khanam Mim and Abdul Karim Rajib, first year students of Shaheed Ramiz Uddin Cantonment College, were killed as a bus ploughed through some students in front of Kurmitola General Hospital on Airport Road in the capital.Angered by the tragic incident, the students of the college took to the streets and put up barricades on both sides of the road, disrupting traffic from 1:00 pm to 1:45pm.They also vandalised several vehicles and set fire to two buses, including the responsible one.
Share Secretary of State Rex Tillerson plans to visit Russia next month and will likely be in Florida as President Trump hosts Chinese President Xi Jinping, but he won’t be in Brussels for a NATO foreign ministers meeting on April 5-6, the State Department says.Tillerson will travel to Moscow in about two weeks, after he attends meetings of G-7 foreign ministers in Italy slated for April 10-11, the State Department says.News of the trip to Russia emerged late on the same day FBI Director James Comey “confirmed that his agency is investigating possible coordination between the Trump campaign and Russia” in last year’s U.S. election, as the Two-Way reported.Standing in for his boss at the first session of NATO diplomats in Tillerson’s tenure will be Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Tom Shannon, NPR’s Michele Kelemen reports, citing confirmation by a State Department spokesperson.If the NATO foreign ministers stick to their recent pattern, the April meetings would be the first of two general sessions this year. The foreign ministers have been gathering in late spring and December, and at the most recent session, former Secretary of State John Kerry attended meetings that focused on cooperation between NATO and the European Union in a number of areas, from cyberdefense to hybrid terrorist threats.While details of Xi’s visit to the U.S. haven’t been announced, the Chinese leader is expected to visit President Trump at Mar-a-Lago in Florida in early April — a date that could conflict with the NATO ministers’ meeting in Brussels.Tillerson will have a chance to meet NATO foreign ministers on Wednesday, when he hosts the 68 members of the Global Coalition working to defeat ISIS, a broad group the U.S. formed in 2014.Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Explore further REMPI spectra of photodesorbed H2O after 157 nm photoirradiation of water ice at 10 K. (A) Vapor-deposited H2O ice. (B) H2O ice produced in situ by means of hydrogenation of O2. (C and D) Simulated spectra with Trot = 200 K and (C) Tspin = 200 K and (D) Tspin = 10 K. Indications (JKa,Kc) are rotational assignments, where “o” and “p” denote ortho and para, respectively. Trot and Tspin represents rotational and spin temperatures, respectively. Credit: Prof. Tetsuya Hama, Hokkaido University. Dr. Tetsuya Hama and Phys.org discussed the paper he and his colleagues published in Science, starting with the challenges of showing that water desorbed from ice at 10 kelvin shows a statistical high-temperature ortho-to-para ratio (OPR) of 3 even when the ice is produced in situ by hydrogenation of O2, a known formation process of interstellar water. “Detecting ortho-H2O and para-H2O separately is the main difficulty in studying the H2O ortho-to-para ratio,” Hama tells Phys.org. “Ordinary analytic techniques, such as electron or single-photon ionization, cannot distinguish them. We also need high sensitivity for detecting ortho- and para-H2O, since only a small amount of H2O is desorbed from ice following photoirradiation or thermal heating.” In addition, Hama adds, it’s necessary to produce a sufficient amount (10-20 monolayers) of water ice in situ on a substrate at 10 K. In their experimental setup, the researchers produce water ice by O2 hydrogenation (a chemical reaction between molecular hydrogen and another compound or element) at 10 K – but it requires seven hours. “These technical problems – that is, ortho- or para-state selective detection and in situ ice preparation – are the main reasons that studying the OPR of H2O desorbed from ice is challenging, and thus, the conventional proposal that the OPR is related to the condensation or formation temperature of ice has not been tested experimentally.”An interesting aspect of the study was the goal of clarifying the origin of the anomalous OPRs observed for interstellar H2O due to the role of gas-phase processes being poorly understood. “Our results suggest that the OPR of H2O desorbed from ice is the statistical value of 3 regardless of the formation process of the ice, so the anomalously low OPR of interstellar H2O may be an indicator of the gas-phase processes that the H2O experienced after desorption,” Hama explains. “However, ortho-para conversion would not occur in the gas phase by radiation or nonreactive collisions, because they are spin-forbidden.” Hama therefore believes that the gas phase ortho-para conversion of H2O may occur by chemical (proton-exchange) reactions, likely candidates of which are proton-exchange reactions with ions such as H+ [ortho-H2O ＋ H+ → para-H2O ＋ H+] or H3O+ [ortho-H2O ＋ H3O+ → H3O+ ＋para-H2O]. These two reactions are almost thermo-neutral, Hama points out, but the reverse processes can be slightly endothermic and thus very slow – especially at low temperature – because of the energy difference of ortho and para H2O in the gas phase [∆E = 23.8 cm−1 (34.2 K)]. Thus, these reactions might lead to para-enrichment of H2O in cold (< 30 K) molecular clouds. OPR of H2O as function of temperature. Curve A is calculated from Eq. 1 with the gas-phase constants. Approximated curves B to E are calculated from Eq. 9 with DE values of (B) 23.8 cm−1 (gas-phase), (C) 20 cm−1 (H2O in Ar matrix), (D) 10 cm−1, and (E) 1.0 cm−1. Approximated curves B to E tend toward 9, not the statistical OPR value of 3, because only the lowest ortho- and para-rotational states are considered in Eq. 9, and thus the contribution of the rotational degeneracy is not cancelled as in curve A from Eq. 1. Details of Eqs. 1 and 9 in paper. Credit: Prof. Tetsuya Hama, Hokkaido University. Since ordinary analytic techniques cannot distinguish ortho and para H2O, the scientists addressed these challenges by employing the Resonance Enhanced Multi-Photon Ionization (REMPI) technique. Originally developed for spectroscopic investigations in the field of physical chemistry, REMPI allows ortho-para state selective detection of H2O by tuning the photoionization laser wavelength – and it has very high sensitivity. The researchers think that REMPI perfectly suits the study the OPR of H2O desorbed from ice, and have designed and built a novel experimental apparatus that enables both in situ ice production and REMPI detection of ortho- and para-H2O desorbed from ice at 10 K. "Scientifically," Hama points out, "we suggest that the ortho-para nuclear spin physics of H2O in ice is totally different from that in the gas phase. The conventional proposal that the OPR is related to the ice formation temperature implicitly assumes that para-H2O is more stable than ortho-H2O in ice, as it is in the gas phase." However, Hama notes that the thermodynamic stability of para-H2O in the gas phase stems from the rotational energy difference between para- and ortho-H2O [(JKa,Kc=000 and JKa,Kc=101, respectively). In ice, both ortho- and para-H2O do not rotate by hydrogen bonds - meaning that unlike the gas-phase, the thermodynamic stability of ortho- and para-H2O should be comparable in ice at 10 K. Moreover, he adds, fast continuous ortho–para interconversion would occur in ice owing to intermolecular proton-magnetic interaction, which does not occur in the gas phase."I therefore think that the conventional proposal should reconsider these differences in ortho-para nuclear spin physics of H2O between the gas and ice phases. Our findings can also apply to other hydrogen-bonding systems such as NH3 in ice, so we can predict that the OPR of NH3 desorbed from ice would also be statistical, and cannot be used to deduce the surface temperature of interstellar dust."One of the finding's key results was invalidating the assumed relation between OPR and temperature, thereby elucidating the chemical history of interstellar water from molecular clouds and processes in the early solar system, including comet formation. Moreover, regarding the OPR of H2O in a comet, the study explained why nearly all of the observed OPRs lie within 1 or 2 of the statistical value. "For the OPRs of H2O in cometary comae, the story is hopefully somewhat simpler." (A coma is the nebulous envelope around a comets' nucleus.) "The OPR of H2O should be statistical (=3) at desorption from the comet nucleus, not indicating the past formation temperature of the ice nucleus. In comae, the collision rate and the total number of collisions of H2O with other H2O molecules, ions, electrons, and dust grains are predicted to be too small to induce efficient conversion." Therefore, the observed OPRs of H2O in cometary comae would not greatly change from the statistical value of 3 at desorption from the nucleus, which explains why OPR values of H2O in cometary comae lie within 1 or 2 of the statistical value.The paper also challenged approaches that assume that the OPR of water desorbed from ice is related to the ice formation temperature on the dust, and provided a reinterpretation of OPR's importance as a physicochemical tracer by considering gas-phase processes may clarify new or missed roles of interstellar H2O in star and planet formation. "The OPR has been a key observable in astronomy and planetary science," Hama tells Phys.org. "For example, the OPR of H2O in a comet has been considered a cosmogonic indicator" – that is, a finding based on the astrophysical study of the origin and evolution of the universe – "that gives the past formation temperature (30 K) of the ice nucleus in the solar nebula some 4.6 billion years ago. However, we experimentally disproved the conventional assumption of OPR's relation to temperature, such that it cannot be used to deduce the surface temperature of interstellar dust at H2O formation or condensation." In short, the researchers have made it necessary to develop a new interpretation of the anomalously low OPR of H2O."The origin of the anomalous OPRs is still an open question for now, but we can find a new direction in which the gas-phase processes may be important," Hama continues. "The OPR may be an indicator of the gas-phase nuclear-spin conversion processes that the H2O experienced, such as reactions with H+ and H3O+." This, in turn, may yield detailed information about the physical and chemical conditions – including temperature, the types of ions, and their abundances – of local environments where the gas-phase nuclear-spin conversion of H2O occurs. "Our finding is the first step towards understanding the significance of the OPR of interstellar H2O, which has been unknown for almost 30 years since its first observation. Approaches from quantum physics and chemistry as well as astronomy and planetary science are certainly needed for future studies, which is truly an interdisciplinary science."Regarding next steps, Hama tells Phys.org that while in the present study, the researchers measured the OPR of gaseous H2O desorbed from ice by photoirradiation and heating, they could not measure the OPR of nascent H2O formed on ice, the nuclear spin conversion time of H2O on ice, and the nuclear spin state of H2O in ice. "These are still unsolved, challenging problems, but the nuclear spin conversion time could be measured with ortho- or para-H2O separation techniques." In addition, he continues, recent progress in observational studies in astronomy and planetary science has succeeded in providing detailed physical and chemical information – species, abundance and its spatial distribution, energy state (electronic, vibrational, rotational, nuclear-spin), isotope fractionations, and other metrics – about interstellar molecules."These can help us to understand the evolution of stars and planetary systems," he says. "However, to obtain a proper meaning from observations, we must understand the physics and chemistry of molecules in extraterrestrial conditions well. These are often extreme environments, such as very low temperature (10 K), and there are still many unknowns and unexpected phenomena. We would like to tackle the physics and chemistry in these extreme environments."As esoteric as the team's research may appear, their findings are relevant to a host of other research disciplines. "Our results advance fundamental understanding of nuclear-spin conversion and the separation of nuclear spin isomers of molecules, both of which are important challenges in physics and chemistry. For example," he illustrates, "para enrichment of H2O has been studied for its application to highly-sensitive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. However, our results imply that if H2O could be enriched in ortho or para states, it would become a statistical mixture (OPR=3) once it is incorporated into ice. This means that the isolation of ortho- or para-water in ice and its application to NMR study is quite difficult." Citation: The cold, hard facts: Scientists redefine the chemical history of interstellar water in the early solar system (2016, February 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-02-cold-hard-facts-scientists-redefine.html Scientists find new way to detect ortho-para conversion in water © 2016 Phys.org "Unfortunately, accurate rate coefficients for these reactions at low temperature are unknown, so quantitative estimation of the importance of these reactions is not possible for now. To study these gas-phase reactions, we have to treat ortho and para H2O separately (nuclear spin-state–dependent), but it is a challenge both theoretically and experimentally in current physics and chemistry." More information: T. Hama et al, Statistical ortho-to-para ratio of water desorbed from ice at 10 kelvin, Science (2015). DOI: 10.1126/science.aad4026 For the past 30 years, the significance of the anomalously low ortho-to-para ratios (OPRs) of gaseous water (H2O) in interstellar space has remained unknown. (In ortho hydrogen molecules, both nuclei spin in the same direction, while in para hydrogen the nuclei spin opposite directions.) Recently, however, scientists at Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan found that water desorbed (that is, released from or through a surface) from ice at 10 kelvin shows a statistical high temperature OPR of 3 rather than the lower values typically found, even when the ice is produced in situ by a known formation process of interstellar water known as O2 hydrogenation. This invalidates the assumed relation between OPR and temperature and requires a reinterpretation of the low OPRs will help elucidate the chemical history of interstellar water from molecular clouds and processes in the early solar system, including comet formation. 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