Downy Mildew Disease

first_imgUniversity of Georgia plant pathologist Bhabesh Dutta is confident that Georgia watermelon growers will encounter downy mildew at some point during the growing season — it’s just a matter of timing and severity.Dutta encourages farmers to be proactive when dealing with this devastating disease.“It’s going to happen. It happens every year. The severity and degree of the outbreak will vary depending on when it gets in. If it happens early in the growing season, it can cause considerable economic losses,” Dutta said.Harvest season for watermelons in Georgia runs from the first week of June to the second week of July. Farmers should be applying chemical treatments for downy mildew even if they don’t see signs of the disease, Dutta said. Waiting until it’s too late can result in the watermelon crop becoming damaged very quickly.Downy mildew can degrade or destroy the plant’s foliage very rapidly. It thrives in a wet, humid environment, and the fungi need the water on plant tissue to germinate and infect the plant.Under favorable conditions, severe foliar infection can occur and cause the leaves to curl and eventually die. If the leaves are damaged, they cannot protect and shade the fruit. As a result, the watermelons can develop blisters or sunscald. This is especially concerning during hot summer days in south Georgia, where the bulk of the state’s watermelons are produced. Damage to the watermelons results in an unmarketable crop.Last year, sunscald was a big problem for Georgia-grown watermelons and cucurbits like cucumbers, cantaloupe and squash, Dutta said. “The hardest-hit crops, though, were cucumbers and watermelons. It’s a problem every year, but there are degrees. Some years are much worse than others, like last year,” he said. “This year, though, we haven’t experienced an outbreak in watermelons. However, limited outbreaks on cucumbers and cantaloupes have already been reported.”The pathogen that causes downy mildew cannot survive hard frost, so it overwinters in frost-free regions like southern Florida. Every year during late May and into June, those spores are blown by wind currents into Georgia and other, more northern states.“It’s mainly a weather-related pathogen. It loves fairly low temperatures and high humidity. Longer duration of leaf wetness and cooler night temperatures promote downy mildew infection,” Dutta said. “If you remember, from April until the first week of May last year, we had low temperatures, but high humidity. That triggered the downy mildew outbreak.”At UGA, Dutta devotes almost half of his research to watermelons and onions, the top two vegetable crops in Georgia. Both crops are susceptible to several fungal and bacterial diseases. On watermelons, Dutta focuses on disease management and evaluates existing fungicides available to farmers.According to the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development, watermelons generated $134.2 million in farm gate value in 2014. Georgia’s top three watermelon producing counties are Tift, Crisp and Turner.last_img read more

Maritime Interdiction, the First Line of Defense against Drug Trafficking

first_imgBy Lorena Baires/Diálogo July 10, 2017 Gray clouds shroud the sky as evening falls over the Pacific Ocean. Two attack patrol boats glide smoothly along the horizon. They belong to the Navy Task Force Trident (FTNT, per its Spanish acronym), an elite group of the Salvadoran Navy (FNES, per its Spanish acronym). On board, teams of military interceptors are keeping their eye on the surroundings. Suddenly, an alarm is heard. A boat with three outboard motors is traversing the peaceful seascape at high speed, and water splashes four large black packages at its stern. Its movement is raising suspicion. FNES First Lieutenant Alejandro Posada, a member of the FTNT Maritime Interdiction Operations group, has command of one of the patrol boats. He orders his team into position while observing the radar. Seconds later, he accelerates the engines and changes course to reach the suspicious vessel, escorted by a second patrol boat. As they attempt to flee, the boats throw their packages into the sea, and the escort patrol boat intercepts them. A few minutes later, First Lt. Posada reaches them. Two sharp turns around the boat are sufficient to immobilize the small vessel. Once detained, and their packages recovered, the boatmen claim the packages contain the product of their work – fish. But FNES Lieutenant Miguel Flores, the FTNT commander, can be heard clearly on the radio: “Confirmed, packages are suspicious, may contain illicit substances, it is not fish.” This was how a maritime interdiction exercise concluded on June 17th along the coast of the Salvadoran region of Sonsonate. These types of operations are a daily occurrence for the FTNT interceptors. High-level training The high-profile operations team blocks the passage of drug-trafficking structures attempting to move drugs north. The specialists are deployed 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, along the 321 kilometers comprising the Salvadoran coastline. That is, from the Paz River at the border of Guatemala to the Gulf of Fonseca, which is shared with Honduras and Nicaragua. They are always on alert and strategically positioned. Their specialized tactical level is developed with the support of the U.S. Armed Forces, who have been training them since 2015 and sharing their knowledge about board and search, room clearing on large vessels, search-and- seizure procedures for illicit substances, and fast-roping for insertions from helicopters, capturing individuals, rescuing victims or amphibious reconnaissance, among other things. The training has come from specialized groups like the U.S. Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSOC), Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha, and special operations forces units such as Special Warfare Combatant-Craft Crewmen or the U.S. Navy Sea, Air and Land Teams, all sponsored by U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM). “Our teams have a work cycle of three months of training and three months of operations at sea. When they come back from training, they have to pass on their newly acquired knowledge to the remaining members, in such a way that they are learning and practicing all the time,” Lt. Flores explained. The interceptors work with real-time information from the Combat Information Center (CIC), a specialized office that manages and organizes the operations. Thanks to the January 2009 Letter of Understanding of the Central American Regional Security Initiative, alerts also come from Joint Interagency Task Force-South (JIATF South), located in Key West, Florida. “Since our units are always in position when the CIC sends us a location where we need to go, it is a question of minutes for us to arrive there. The level of risk and cooperation by the suspects determines the level of force we need to use,” First Lt. Posada added. All the knowledge acquired and developed at sea is shared with the naval forces of Guatemala and Nicaragua, which share a maritime border with El Salvador. “Thanks to the support of SOUTHCOM, we have also had cargo-recovery exercises with Guatemala. For example, a C47 airplane launches a logistical supply package into the sea, and we carry out the rest of the rescue operation,” First Lt. Posada said. Key to success “We are making efforts to be a blue-water naval force; we are not in port but out at sea. Our strategic positions, the training we have received, and the current leadership of our force allows us to attain a high level of success in the naval operations we conduct,” Lieutenant Commander Francisco Mejía Martínez, an FTNT Maritime Interdiction Operations collaborator, proudly details. Day and night, the interceptor units navigate within the 200 nautical miles of Salvadoran territorial waters. This approach to maneuvers, plus the quality of information coming from CIC, allows them to exceed their own expectations. So far in 2017, they have seized 2,522 kilograms of cocaine, while in 2016, that number was 8,708 kilograms. “The threats are changing little by little. That’s why we have to maintain a high focus on training. Always in an ideal position at sea to continue the mission of protecting the security of the 200 miles of Salvadoran territorial sea,” Lt. Cmdr. Mejía concluded.last_img read more

Police looking for possibly armed suspect near Wilson hospital

first_imgJOHNSON CITY (WBNG) — Wilson Medical Center has confirmed the hospital is no longer in lockdown. —– More information was not released. JOHNSON CITY (WBNG) — Police say a person was spotted around 9 a.m. but they fled from police. 1:01 P.M. UPDATE: 4:45 A.M. UPDATE This is a developing story. Stay with 12 News as we gather more information.center_img A 12 News crew on scene saw a K-9 being used by the Broome County Sheriff’s Office. In a phone alert, Wilson Medical Center alerted employees the facility would be on lockdown while police searched for an “individual believed to be armed” near the WMC campus. —– Authorities say no known weapons were involved in this incident. JOHNSON CITY (WBNG) — Police are looking for a possibly armed man Thursday night. last_img read more

All people should have a livable wage

first_imgCategories: Letters to the Editor, OpinionI tried to read Mr. Randy Gray’s Dec. 6 letter regarding personal responsibility and the minimum wage lifestyle in the spirit it was intended. After all, someone who has several children by the age of 28 is probably not making the most sound economic choices. However, this has nothing to do with the buying power of the current minimum wage.Do you remember those heady days of the 1990s when everyone was concerned about “welfare cheats” and people getting something for nothing? This is before we had to bail out the banks that screamed to be unfettered by government regulation and then promptly destroyed the economy. Well, now it seems that people who work and want a fair wage, one they can actually live on, are the new beggars.The economic reality is that even if this 28-year-old mentioned in Mr. Gray’s letter and the article Mr. Gray was referencing had one child or two children, which by the way is the norm, minimum wage would still be a struggle. Rents keeping going up, even when the area in which you live does not seem to merit it. Food certainly has not gotten cheaper.I agree that personal responsibility is incredibly important. But society, to include all employers, also has a responsibility. If you cannot afford to live on a minimum wage, and I mean paying for rent, food and other basic expenses for yourself and one or two children, then basically society is telling workers that the gains made throughout the 20th century, and for which workers fought and even died, were meaningless.Now, it seems the good old days of the company store and forced labor are making a comeback.James CiminoSchenectadyMore from The Daily Gazette:Schenectady High School senior class leaders look to salvage sense of normalcySchenectady’s Lucas Rodriguez forging his own path in dance, theater, musicSchenectady department heads: Budget cutbacks would further stress already-stretched departmentsSchenectady, Saratoga casinos say reopening has gone well; revenue down 30%Schenectady NAACP calls for school layoff freeze, reinstatement of positionslast_img read more

Rupiah at weakest since 1998 crisis as foreign investors pull out amid virus fears

first_imgThe rupiah touched levels unseen since the 1998 crisis on Wednesday as fears of a global recession over the rapid spread of COVID-19 prompts investors worldwide to dump financial assets.The local currency depreciated around 0.3 percent to Rp 15,222 against the US dollar as of 12:52 p.m. Jakarta time, Bloomberg data shows. The last time it touched the level and reached Rp 16,650 was in June 1998 after widespread rioting that led to the downfall of president Soeharto, who led Indonesia for 32 years.The rupiah is now Asia’s worst-performing currency after depreciating around 10 percent so far this year from Rp 13,635 per US dollar on Jan. 24, a time when the rupiah was Asia’s best-performing currency. “Investors are fleeing out of the emerging market into safe haven assets because they fear that the probability of a global recession has heightened,” Bank Permata economist Josua Pardede told The Jakarta Post.Read also: Indonesian stocks succumb to the red despite global market jumps Foreign investors have dumped more than US$4 billion from rupiah bonds this year, on course for the biggest quarterly outflow ever, and have dumped about $600 million worth of shares, Bloomberg reported. Topics :center_img The pneumonia-like illness has infected at least 227 people in Indonesia and killed 19, giving the country the highest death toll in Southeast Asia and the highest death rate in the world. Worldwide, the number of confirmed cases has reached more than 202,000 people with more than 8,000 deaths.As the situation has yet to show signs of improvement, Josua said Bank Indonesia (BI) should maintain close contact with foreign investors to give them assurances. At the same time, he also suggested that the central bank continue its market intervention in the bond market.“We hope BI can come up with significant policies that can complete the fiscal stimulus,” he said.He projected the rupiah to continue to fluctuate at around the Rp 15,000 level until the COVID-19 situation improves. BI cut its policy rate and announced five measures to stabilize the rupiah, including buying government bonds in the secondary market and cutting the reserve requirement ratio for banks’ dollar funds. The benchmark Jakarta Composite Index (JCI), the main gauge of the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX), has lost 31.25 percent of its value year-to-date (ytd), suffering three trading halts within a week as the index dropped 5 percent, triggering a circuit breaker.Josua said the rupiah’s depreciation was also influenced by the fact that the government had yet to allot a significant amount of funding from the state budget to tackle the virus. This is despite the government having allocated Rp 120 trillion ($7.7 billion) to stimulate the economy and cushion economic shocks from the COVID-19 pandemic.“From the government’s stimulus package, there has yet to be a special budget dedicated to tackling the virus,” he added.Read also: Disappearing act: Market braces for volatile March after $2.4b vanishes in a weeklast_img read more

Paul Merson pays compliment to Mikel Arteta after Arsenal’s defeat to Chelsea

first_imgAdvertisement Merson says he has been ‘quite impressed’ by Arteta’s Arsenal (Picture: Getty)‘The fitter they get, and the more they understand that closing-down game, I think they’ll be alright, and I was quite impressed.‘Arteta has been around one of the best, and he has that way of talking. He’s not going to come in and start effing and blinding.’After Sunday’s defeat, Arsenal slipped to 12th in the Premier League and will hope to make up points on the top-four when they host Manchester United on New Year’s Day.MORE: Christian Pulisic plays down reports he was injured for Chelsea’s clash with ArsenalMORE: Paul Pogba misses Manchester United training ahead of Arsenal clash Paul Merson has praised Mikel Arteta following Arsenal’s defeat to Chelsea (Picture: Getty)Paul Merson has praised Mikel Arteta following Arsenal’s defeat to Chelsea and says he has been ‘quite impressed’ with the Gunners under their new manager.Arteta is yet to taste victory as a Gunners boss, with his Arsenal side drawing to Bournemouth on Boxing Day and losing to Chelsea in Sunday’s London derby at the Emirates.Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang gave Arsenal an early lead over Chelsea at the weekend but the visitors fought back and earned the three points thanks to late goals from Jorginho and Tammy Abraham. Metro Sport ReporterMonday 30 Dec 2019 4:24 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link1.9kShares Paul Merson pays compliment to Mikel Arteta after Arsenal’s defeat to Chelseacenter_img Comment Arteta reflects on first loss as Arsenal boss against ChelseaTo view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video Play VideoLoaded: 0%0:00Progress: 0%PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration Time 4:49FullscreenArteta reflects on first loss as Arsenal boss against Chelsea is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.Despite the defeat, Arsenal legend Merson was impressed with his former team’s performance and says they will be ‘alright’ under former Manchester City assistant Arteta.AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENT‘For the first half against Chelsea, it didn’t look like Arsene Wenger was in charge. And that’s the biggest compliment I can give,’ Merson told Sky Sports.‘They worked their socks off, but were never going to keep that up for 90 minutes, because they haven’t done that in 10 years.More: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City‘That high pressure, closing down, Chelsea couldn’t get out or put two or three passes together. You looked at Arsenal in that first half and thought: “Well this is Arteta’s team”.‘He’d got them closing down. But obviously, they were going to fade. Chelsea took advantage of that, and fair play to them.‘As time goes on, however, and Arteta’s looks to place his stamp on the team, there are some bright sparks to take. Advertisementlast_img read more

Property deal comes with two Hamptons-style homes

first_img2 Clare Crt, Tallebudgera Valley. HOMEOWNERS Peter and Wendy Riewoldt love keeping up with trends and their beautiful Tallebudgera home s are proof of that. Currently channelling a modern Hamptons-style, the property at 2 Clare Court comes with two houses. The boss of Chelbrooke Homes said he was inspired to create a Hamptons-style home after seeing the trend take off two years ago. 2 Clare Crt, Tallebudgera Valley.“I walk into new homes every day and I wanted to create the same feel with our family home,” he said.“You can’t buy a new home every day but you can make it feel new.“We have quite a flexible floorplan that has allowed us to do that.” The builder and his wife Wendy, along with their two daughters, moved in to the home two decades ago. “We have renovated it four times,” the father-of-two said,“We started with a Mexican Aztec design and two years ago we fell in love with Hamptons.” More from news02:37Purchasers snap up every residence in the $40 million Siarn Palm Beach North5 hours ago02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa1 day ago2 Clare Crt, Tallebudgera Valley.Mr Riewoldt said the family added another house a few years later. “This place came together in two parts,” he said. “Wendy’s parents came to live with us so we decided to build a house for them too. “It was great having three generations together and the girls got to grow up with their grandparents.” 2 Clare Crt, Tallebudgera Valley.The second residence comes with an ensuites main bedroom and a private balcony with valley views. The two separate houses offer more than 600sq m of internal accommodation. Mr Riewoldt said the second house has since been used as guest accommodation.“It would also be perfect for an Airbnb,” he said. “Our friends often refer to it as a resort home.” center_img 2 Clare Crt, Tallebudgera Valley.The property has a private and tranquil setting and is surrounded by leafy gardens.“My favourite spot is the pool yard and games room,” Mr Riewoldt said. “It is my go-to area after a long day of work.” Featuring a resort-style pool the main house includes high ceilings, Caesarstone kitchen benchtops and easterly views from the balcony. The property is well-equipped for children with a fenced swing set and play area.last_img read more

Norway’s sovereign fund pulls plug on ESG managers to cut costs

first_imgNorway’s giant sovereign wealth fund terminated asset managers running NOK20bn (€2bn) of green investment mandates last year, bringing the investments in house to save costs.Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM), which runs the NOK8.6trn Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG), said in its annual responsible investment report that its environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) themed mandates made a loss of 8.3% over the course of last year.The allocation’s annualised return since inception just over eight years ago was 4.5% – below the 7.3% return on the MSCI Global Environment index over the same period, according to NBIM data.“To reduce cost in the management of the fund, the externally managed, environment-related mandates were terminated in 2018,” NBIM said in the report, adding that these mandates were now almost totally managed internally. “We have built up extensive internal expertise in environmental technology,” it said.The mandates – set up in 2010 on the Norwegian Finance Ministry’s instruction – totalled NOK43.3bn at the end of 2018. A spokesperson for NBIM said around NOK20bn was managed externally. According to the rules laid down by the ministry, the allocation can range between NOK30bn and NOK60bn of assets.Further readingNorway’s oil fund to axe real estate arm and reduce target allocation NBIM also announced yesterday that it was discontinuing Norges Bank Real Estate Management as a separate entity within the organisation, as part of an overhaul of its approach to property investing. Rachel Fixsen reports for IPE Real Assets.Releasing the responsible investment report yesterday, NBIM also said it had dealt with new climate-related issues last year.“Some new issues are emerging from the transition to a low-carbon economy,” said Carine Smith Ihenacho, chief corporate governance officer.In 2018, she said, NBIM had talks with companies in the car sector that use cobalt as a component of lithium batteries. Companies involved in mining cobalt have been linked to human rights issues in recent years.“We contacted companies to understand their low-emission plans and how they are managing the risk of human rights violations in their supply chains,” Smith Ihenacho said.According to the report, climate change was the ESG topic most frequently addressed in NBIM’s meetings with companies last year, having been a priority topic at 272 events in 2018.The manager said it had conducted almost 1,500 company meetings in 2018 at which it discussed governance issues and followed up on its expectations of businesses.last_img read more

Oceanside Harbor Dredging in Full Swing

first_imgDredging in Oceanside Harbor federal entrance channel continues as Manson Construction Company, the project contractor, keeps on with the annual effort to maintain safe navigation in the port.According to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the contractor has so far removed about 187,000 cubic yards of material from the project area.Manson is dredging the channel to its authorized federal depth of 20 feet with an additional 7 feet of advanced maintenance. The Corps, Los Angeles District, anticipates dredging 280,000 cubic yards of material from the channel by Memorial Day weekend.The contractor is placing the dredged material along Oceanside’s down coast beaches from the San Luis Rey River to points south of the Oceanside Pier.USACE also reported that the Corps and the City of Oceanside are discussing the potential to continue removing material from the channel beyond Memorial Day weekend in order to take advantage of favorable sea conditions and available funding.The project will require concurrence from the California Coastal Commission and the Regional Water Quality Control Board to be allowed to continue.last_img read more

Beckham to appoint ex-EPL manager son at Inter Miami

first_img According to the Telegraph, Pulis has been offered the role following his success as manager of Saint Louis FC in America’s second division. Before that he was coach of Orlando City B and has been building an impressive reputation in the States. As a player, the 35-year-old’s career never really took off having made just two appearances for Stoke in four years. He then spent time on loan at seven different clubs in the lower leagues before finding his feet at Orlando City. Pulis has watched his dad manage clubs in the Premier League such as Stoke, Crystal Palace and West Brom. Tony has his own reputation for guiding teams to safety although has been criticised for his style of play in the past. David Beckham will team up with the son of Tony Pulis ahead of Inter Miami’s first foray in the MLS, according to reports. Goldenballs’ franchise has headhunted Anthony to become the new assistant manager to boss Diego Alonso on a three-year deal. Read Also:Diego Alonso: Beckham’s Inter Miami MLS franchise name first manager “He has managed more than 1,000 games in English football. There are not many who have done that and I would be stupid not to tap into his knowledge. “Having said that, I am my own man. I have my own ideas on how things should be done and I am certainly not a clone of my dad. But I can pick the phone up whenever things come up because everything I go through, he has experienced.” Inter Miami’s season gets underway on March 1 against Los Angeles FC. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 But Anthony insists he is no carbon-copy of his old man and has his own ideas. In an interview with the BBC, he said: “I am very close to my dad – I speak to him nearly every day on the phone.center_img Loading… Promoted Content10 Phones That Can Work For Weeks Without RechargingWho Earns More Than Ronaldo?10 TV Characters Who Were Destined To Become IconicWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?The Network’s Greatest Shows On HBOWhat Is A Black Hole And Is It Dangerous For Us All?Bear Cubs ‘Dancing’ In Forest Delight The InternetEverything You Need To Know About Asteroid Armageddon7 Universities In The World Where Education Costs Too Much7 Non-Obvious Things That Damage Your Phone7 Theories About The Death Of Our UniverseBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Themlast_img read more